Chattopadhyay, Virendranath and Singaravelar M.

Chattopadhyay, Virendranath – 1880-1941
Born in Hyderabad in 1880. In 1901 went to Britain to sit for the ICS examination, but got involved in revolutionary activities. Came close to Shyamji Krishnavarma, and helped him edit the journal Indian Sociologist. Later helped Madam Cama in Paris in bringing out Bande Mataram and Talwar till 1914. Joined the French Socialist Party. Then went to Germany. In 1917 set up a branch of the Indian  Independence Committee in Stockholm. Attracted to socialism after the October Revolution. Went to Moscow in 1920, and again in 1921. When the League Against Imperialism was formed in 1927, he became its General Secretary. His articles on the Indian question began to appear in the Comintern organ Inprecor from February 1930. At the end of 1932, left Berlin for Moscow and joined the Institute of Ethnography as head of the Indian Department. Knew over a dozen languages. Died in 1941. A. Volsky published a memoir of Virendranath in Russian from Leningrad in 1969.
Singaravelar, M. – 1860 -1946
Born in a fishing family of Madras. Enrolled as a lawyer in the Madras High Court inh 1907 and soon joined trade union movement. Attended the Gaya session of the Indian National Congress in 1922, where he demanded complete independence. Founded the Hindustan Labour Kisan Party in 1923. Began correspondence with M.N. Roy around this time. Presided over the Kanpur Communist Conference in December 1925. Led a heroic strike of railway workers in 1928, and was imprisoned till 1930. Joined Periyar’s Self-Respect Movement. Died on February 11, 1946 in Madras.

Singaravelar M.