One of the founding members of the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1921. Born June 19, 1896 to Indian father and Swedish mother. Joined the Independent Labour Party while a student at Oxford in 1914. In the same year, founded the famous Marxist journal The Labour Monthly, which he edited for nearly five decades. Was also editor of the CPGB newspaper Daily Worker. Author of the classic India Today, RPD (as he was affectionately called) was a brilliant scholar, and a leading figure of the international communist movement. Co-authored the Dutt-Bradley Theses in 1936. Had a deep connection with India, which he visited in 1946. Retired from active politics in the mid-1960s owing to bad health.