On the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the

Left Front Government of West Bengal

A Historic Anniversary


June 21, 2002 marks a historic anniversary. On this date, the Left Front

government of West Bengal completes 25 years in office. The continuous

rule by the Left Front in West Bengal and its outstanding record in terms of

service to the people, protection of democratic rights, preservation of

communal harmony and the struggle to implement alternative policies

within the limitations of the existing set-up — are an inspiring record.

For any political party or coalition being in a state government

continuously for 25 years would be a unique record. For a Communist

Party and the Left parties to remain in office for so long in West Bengal

winning a two-thirds majority in six successive elections is all the more

remarkable. Running a state government by the Left parties under a system

where real power rests with the Centre and where the Congress, the BJP

and other bourgeois-landlord parties have been in power, is no ordinary

achievement. It was possible because the CPI(M) and the Left movement

has a strong mass base and has struck deep roots among the people.

No other state government in India has tackled the land question so

consistently, which is the foremost question for the bulk of the population

which lives in the rural areas. No other government in India has done as

much for the rural poor as the Left Front government of West Bengal.

The fact that 20 per cent of the total surplus land distributed in India is in

West Bengal is a testimony to the way the state government has sincerely

implemented land reform laws. Under `Operation Barga’, 14 lakh (1.4

million) sharecroppers were registered for security of tenure.

The West Bengal set out the model for a democratic panchayati raj system

much before the advent of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments

which institutionalised the panchayati raj system. West Bengal from 1978

held five rounds of elections to the three-tier panchayat system and

decentralised powers. The implementation of land reforms laid out the

basis for the participation of the rural poor and the smaller peasants in the

panchayat institutions.

Land reforms and the panchayati raj system has shaped the course of the

rural development in West Bengal. The rural development policy of the

Left Front government has been guided by philosophy of redistribution of

assets before growth, to ensure growth with social justice.


The results of this policy are there for all to see. The rate of growth of

agricultural production has registered a tremendous increase. In rice

production, West Bengal stands first today. The living standards of the

rural people had steadily gone up as a result.

The Left Front government has also shown the way for the country on the

vital question of observing the secular principle of the State and

maintaining communal harmony.

It is a remarkable achievement that a state, which saw communal violence

and partition when a part of Bengal became East Pakistan, is today a

bastion of communal peace under the Left Front government. West

Bengal has a Muslim population of 25 per cent, one of the highest in the

country. Yet, in the past 25 years, there were no major incidents of

communal riots. This was strikingly illustrated in 1984, when anti-Sikh

riots engulfed many of the cities of North India. Calcutta and West

Bengal saw no such incidents.

Subsequently, when large-scale communal violence erupted all over the

country during the infamous `ratha yatra’ of the BJP and the demolition of

the Babri Masjid, all attempts of communal mischief in West Bengal were

put down with a firm hand.

Today, when the country is being ruled by the BJP-led combine from

Delhi and the horrific events which took place in Gujarat are vivid in the

minds of the people, the example of West Bengal where communal peace

and harmony prevails is a source of inspiration to all democratic and

secular-minded people.

The issue of social justice is given top priority by the Left Front

government as part of its commitment to better the lot of the most

oppressed sections. As far as women’s rights are concerned, substantial

advance has been made under the Left Front government. So far, 5.5 lakh

women have been given joint or individual pattas. 55 per cent of the

beneficiaries of the surplus land distributed has been scheduled caste and

scheduled tribe families. It is well known that West Bengal is free from

atrocities on scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Incidents of which are

regularly reported from many other states and recorded in the government


The formation of the Left Front government in 1997 marked the end of a

prolonged period of semi-fascist terror and authoritarian rule in West

Bengal instituted by the Congress. Under the Left Front government, there

has been restoration of democratic rights and an atmosphere where

democratic political activities can take place unhindered.


The working class has been able to conduct its trade union activities and

organised movements for its rights and demands. From the outset, it has

been the policy of the Left Front government not to use the State

machinery against the workers.

The Left Front government has, in the recent period, paid priority and

special attention to the industrialisation of the state. In doing so, special

attention is being paid to generate employment opportunities.

This task is being undertaken in a situation where, for the last one decade,

the overall policies of the Centre has been for liberalisation and

privatisation. The Left Front government is fashioning policies to meet the

new situation. As in the past, it will show that it is possible to implement

pro-people policies, despite the policies of the Centre.

The existence of the Left Front government is a pillar for the Left and

democratic movement in the country. At every crucial juncture in

national politics, the Left Front government’s role has been to project the

Left and democratic viewpoint in a situation where major bourgeois

parties are acting as agents of the big business, landlords and imperialist


In the words of Jyoti Basu, who was the Chief Minister of West Bengal for

23 years: "We had a reasonable clear agenda before us when we started

even though we had no model to guide us. We have been pursuing an

arduous path in our efforts to consolidate the Left, democratic and secular

forces. Our present experiments and experiences will help us in our long-

drawn struggle to achieve the goal of people’s democracy and socialism".

When we celebrate the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Left Front

government, we salute the people of West Bengal and their political


All those who cherish the values of secularism democracy and look

forward to socialism will greet the Left Front government and wish it all

success in its future endeavours.

This booklet should help the reader understand the significant

achievements of the Left Front government.

Harkishan Singh Surjeet

General Secretary

Communist Party of India (Marxist)



25 Years of Left Front in West Bengal


Rural Development

The struggles on the agrarian front have been crucial in the

advancement of left movement in West Bengal. Implementation of land

reforms was the priority of the governments formed under the leadership

of the left in 1967 and 1969. Naturally, land reforms and rural

development were on the top of the agenda when the Left Front came to

power in 1977. The two most important changes brought about by the Left

Front government in the countryside when it came to power were the

implementation of land reforms and reorganisation of panchayats as

democratic institutions of local government. These two – identified as the

policy of walking on two legs – were closely inter-related and the success

in one depended crucially on the success in the other. The most important

lesson learnt from the obstacles put by the central government,

bureaucracy and judiciary in the attempts to implement the land reforms

by the 1967 and 1969 United Front governments was that the

implementation of land reforms required democratisation of local

government and involvement of masses in the implementation of land


Implementation of Land Reforms

Implementation of land reforms has been one of the most important

achievements of the Left Front Government in West Bengal. It is because

of the political will of the Left Front government that West Bengal, along

with Kerala and Tripura, can boast of implementing land reforms most

successfully in the country. The Land Reforms in West Bengal had two

important components: tenancy reforms and redistribution of land. The

Left Front government, with the support of Kisan Sabha and panchayats,

organised a massive campaign popularly known as Operation Barga for

registration of names of tenants in the land records. A constitutional

amendment enacted by the Left Front government provided a permanent

and heritable right to all registered tenants to cultivate the leased in land.

The second component of land reform comprised acquisition of ceiling

surplus land and its redistribution among the poor and the landless.

Following are some of the main features of land reforms implemented by

the Left Front in West Bengal.


• Operation Barga involved registration of 1.4 million bargadars.

Through Operation Barga, about 1.1 million acres of land was

permanently brought under the control of bargadars and their right to

cultivate the land was secured.


• In all, the government acquired about 1.37 million acres of land under

the land reform legislation.

• About 1.04 million acres of the land vested by the State through the

land reform legislation was redistributed among 2.5 million landless

and marginal cultivator households.

• Homestead lands have been given to about 5 lakh households

belonging to agricultural labour, fishing and artisan households.

• West Bengal accounts for only 3.5 per cent of agricultural land in the

country. It is noteworthy that the land vested under land reform

legislation in West Bengal constitutes about 18 per cent of all land

vested in the country under land reform legislation. The land

redistributed in West Bengal under land reform constitutes about 20

per cent of the total land redistributed in India.

• Dalits and adivasis were the major beneficiaries of land reforms. About

55 per cent of beneficiaries of land redistribution and 42 per cent of

recorded bargadars came from these sections.

• Land reform in West Bengal was also an instrument of women’s

empowerment. Over 5.5 lakh women have been given joint and

individual pattas (land title deeds) under the programme.

• While the decade of 1990s saw undoing of whatever land reform

measures were undertaken in several States, West Bengal acquired an

additional 95,000 acres of land under the land reform legislation and

redistributed an additional 94,000 acres. These figures account for

almost all the land acquired in the country in the 1990s and over 40

per cent of the land redistributed in the country in this period.


Reorganisation of Panchayats

Soon after coming to power, the Left Front government reorganised

the institutions of local government into a three-tier system of

democratically elected bodies. This comprised grama panchayats at the

anchal level, panchayat samities at the block level and zilla parishads at

the district level. Seventeen years later this became a model for all States

to adopt when 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments were enacted.

Following are some of the important features of the Panchayati Raj system

in West Bengal.

• Since 1978, elections to the panchayati raj institutions have been

regularly held every five years. West Bengal holds the record of having

the longest functioning democratic institutions of local government.

• The local bodies in West Bengal also have the distinction of having a

large representation of income-poor and socially deprived sections.

Dalits and adivasis have the largest and increasing representation

among all caste and social groups. Estimates of representation of

landless, and marginal and small cultivators in the local bodies range


from 75 to 90 per cent. Since 1995, one third of the seats and positions

of chairpersons have been reserved for women.

• In the late 1990s, the Panchayat Raj system in West Bengal was further

strengthened by introducing grama sansads, the general council of

voters in every ward, that is required to meet twice a year with a

minimum quorum of 10 per cent of voters to discuss the work done by

the panchayats and utilisation of funds.

• The panchayats in West Bengal have been given a substantial share of

resources and a range of responsibilities. The total divisible outlay

meant for the districts reached 50 per cent of the State plan outlays in

the 1990s.

• The role of panchayats in West Bengal in effectively implementing the

poverty alleviation programmes has been recognised by official bodies

like the Planning Commission.

The role of panchayats in changing the rural landscape in West

Bengal after the Left Front government came to power cannot be

exaggerated. Left Front consciously adopted the policy of using the

panchayats as a platform for fighting rural vested interests and changing

the correlation of class forces in favour of the working people. Panchayats

played an important role in the implementation of land reforms. The local

bodies in West Bengal perform civic duties and undertake developmental

activities like construction and maintenance of hospitals, schools and

libraries, promotion of agriculture, cooperatives and cottage industries,

child welfare activities, etc. They play an important role in the local-level

planning and implementation of government schemes. Panchayats in West

Bengal have played an important role in activities like mobilising

cooperation for improving agricultural production, management of local

resources, and identification of beneficiaries for housing, poverty

alleviation and social security programmes. This has made the panchayats

a critical institution of local governance in the West Bengal countryside.

The fact that these institutions are democratic and have a large

representation of the working people is an achievement that makes

everyone proud.


Rural Economic Development

Rural West Bengal was known for agricultural stagnation until the

1970s. Reports of several official committees as well as the Seventh Plan

document noted the underutilisation of productive potential in rural West

Bengal. Left Front’s coming to power in the State was like a new dawn for

rural West Bengal. The post-1977 period has seen a remarkable growth of

rural economy. The change in the correlation of class forces in the favour

of working people through implementation of land reforms and

reorganisation of panchayats helped the State not only in overcoming the

agrarian impasse but in achieving growth rates of agricultural production


as were unmatched by any other State in the country. Some of the

important achievements of development of agriculture and allied sectors

during the period of Left Front government are as follows:

• In the post-1977 period, the foodgrain production in West Bengal grew

at the rate of 6 per cent per annum, which was highest among

seventeen most populous States of India.

• West Bengal has emerged as the largest producer of rice and second

largest producer of potato in the country.

• Cropping intensity in West Bengal has increased from about 136 per

cent in 1980-81 to about 180 per cent in 2000-01, second highest in

the country.

• Scholarly studies have reported that high agricultural growth was

characteristic of most crops and was widespread across districts.

• Economic conditions of agricultural workers have improved

considerably as a result of land reforms and rise in wages. In the 1980s,

the growth of agricultural wages in West Bengal was highest among all

States of India. Agricultural growth in the post-1977 period also led to

expansion of employment in agriculture.

• West Bengal has also improved production in other sectors of rural

economy. It has the largest production of fish and fish seedlings among

all India States.

The development of agriculture and allied sectors has brought

significant changes in the material conditions of life of people of West


• West Bengal had the highest growth of per capita net state domestic

product among all States in the country in the 1990s.

• The decline in rural poverty between 1977-78 and 1997 was highest in

West Bengal among all States of India. In this period, the proportion of

people below poverty line declined in rural West Bengal by 36

percentage points.

• Data show that the per capita calorie intake in rural West Bengal

increased by 184 kilocalories between 1987-88 and 1993-94. In the

same period, the per capita calorie intake in rural India as a whole

declined by 38 kilocalories.

• West Bengal was the only State in the country where monthly per

capita cereal consumption increased between 1972-73 and 1993-94. In

all other States the consumption of cereals fell in absolute terms.


Education and Health

Initiatives of the Left Front for the expansion of literacy and school

education have had to face severe obstacles. Despite these, the

Government of West Bengal has undertaken several important initiatives


for the expansion of literacy and primary education. The budgetary

allocation for education has gone up from 12 per cent in 1976-77 to about

25 per cent in 2000-01. The number of primary schools increased from

about 57 lakhs in 1978 to 1.23 crores in 1999. The government has also

set up a large number of Child Education Centres. The average distance

between schools and living settlements has gone down and that in

opening new schools, the Left Front government has concentrated on

areas having large population of dalits and adivasis. The number of

teachers increased raising the average number of teachers per primary

school to three in 1992. Left Front has also made every effort to improve

the working conditions of teachers. The government made all school

education free and started special schemes for providing textbooks to

school children and uniforms to girl students. West Bengal, for example,

introduced a system of no-detention or automatic promotion for the first

five years of school. As a result of these, the school enrolments have gone

up substantially. The Education Commission reported that the school

enrolments increased by about 80 per cent between 1977 and 1992. The

NSSO data show that in 1993-94 about 65 per cent of all children of age

5-14 attended school in rural West Bengal; the corresponding figure for

India as a whole was 63 per cent. Rural West Bengal was particularly

ahead in terms of attendance rates among girls: in West Bengal over 61

per cent girls attended school while the corresponding figure for India as a

whole was only 55 per cent.

While these achievements are noteworthy, the Left Front is acutely

aware that there is much still to be desired in the area of expansion of

education and has taken important steps in the recent years to attain the

objectives of universal literacy and primary school education.

The government has given priority to improving the public health

system of West Bengal in the recent years. Certain achievements in this

sphere are of note:

1. West Bengal had the second lowest crude death rate in 1999 (7.1, the

lowest being 6.4 for Kerala) among all States in India.

2. In 1999, West Bengal has the third lowest birth rate among all States of


3. Life expectancy at birth is about 72 years in West Bengal, which is next

only to Kerala and Maharashtra.

4. Among all States, the public health system in West Bengal covers the

largest proportion of the population (about 70 per cent).

It is clear that the achievements of Left Front government in the area

of public health are substantial. The government seeks to build further on

these achievements in the coming future.



Initiatives for the Socially Weaker Sections


Dalits and Adivasis

Dalits and adivasis have been the major beneficiaries of

implementation of land reforms and reorganisation of local government.

As mentioned before, about 42 per cent of the recorded bargadars and 55

per cent of the beneficiaries of land redistribution were dalits and adivasis.

Of all social and caste groups, dalits and adivasis have had the largest

representation in the panchayati raj institutions and their representation

has been increasing over the years. These two major initiatives of the Left

Front government have gone a long way in empowering dalits and

adivasis in West Bengal.

There are also a large number of schemes designed specifically to

support dalits and adivasis. At present about 32,000 dalit students and

28,000 adivasi students are provided with expenses for living in hostels at

the pre-secondary level. The government has also constructed about 240

hostels for primary and secondary students from dalit and adivasi

communities and at present 7,200 students are living in these hostels. Day

scholarships are provided to 1.1 lakh dalit students and 80,000 adivasi


Government has established a SC ST Development and Finance

Corporation to support poor dalit and adivasi families by providing finance

for household-based self-employment schemes. West Bengal Tribals

Development Coperatives Corporation has helped form about 120

multipurpose and 2 women cooperatives. These cooperatives generated

employment of the order of 80,000 labour days in 1999-2000 through

organising collection of kendu leaves and shaal seeds.


Providing social security and economic support to the minorities

has been an important concern of the Left Front government. LFG has

established a West Bengal Minorities Development Finance Corporation

that provides loans for self-employment programmes and training to

persons from minority communities to help them economically. West

Bengal also provides scholarships to meritorious students from the

minority communities.


Women’s empowerment has been an important goal for the Left

Front. The most important work done by the Left Front government

towards this end has been to give joint and individual pattas (land title


deeds) to 5.5 lakh women. The State has also, in accordance with the 73rd

and 74th amendments, reserved 33 per cent of the seats and posts of

chairpersons in the panchayati raj institutions for women. It is, however,

noteworthy that the actual representation of women exceeds one third as a

number of women candidates also win in the general constituencies. At

present, about 36 per cent of the gram panchayat members are women.

Also, 7 out of 17 zilla parishads have a woman sabhadhipati and 155 out

of 351 panchayat samities have a woman sabhapati.

Several other initiatives have been undertaken by the State for

economic and social security and upliftment of women. About 50,000

women are covered under stipends for widows and aged women. About 1

lakh women have been supported through projects of the Society Welfare

Board. There are a large number of cooperatives run by women: these

include 210 dairy cooperatives, 66 industrial cooperatives, 29 credit

societies and a large number of canteens and weaving cooperatives. In the

recent years, there has been a large mobilisation of self-help groups,

mainly of women, in some of the districts. Medinipur alone has about

21,000 such self-help groups.


Safeguarding Democracy and Democratic Rights

The Left Front Government has made sustained and serious attempts to

strengthen democratic institutions and guaranteed the democratic rights

and civil liberties of the people of the state. This has been done with the

understanding that deepening of democracy represents the essential pre-

condition for advancing the interests of the toiling masses and ensuring

that the fruits of development actually accrue to them.

The state had experienced 6 long years of semi-fascist terror unleashed by

the Congress Central and State governments between 1971 and 1977

which was directed at liquidating the base of the C.P.I.(M) in particular

and the Left in general. All democratic rights were trampled upon and any

opposition to this murder of democracy was met with severe repression.

The restoration of democratic rights was bound to a key agenda of the

newly elected Left Front Government. Having been the victim of

draconian laws, the Left Front Government has consistently refused to

implement such laws like the NSA, TADA and POTA. Full trade union

rights were restored and all sections of the people, including police

personnel, regained their legitimate right to association and collective

bargaining. Even more pertinent is the approach of the Government

towards the struggles of the toilers. Common experience shows that in

states ruled by parties of the bourgeois-landlord ruling classes, struggles of

the working class, peasantry and other sections are often met with

repression by the police. The Left Front Government has forbidden the


police from interfering in legitimate struggles of different sections of the

people. The Government has not satisfied itself with this alone and does

not play the role of a bystander in the battles between the exploited and

the exploiters. It brings its weight to bear in favour of the workers in

negotiations and tripartite talks. Besides the strength of the trade union

general democratic movement in the state, this role of the Left Front

Government has also made a big contribution to significant gains made by

workers and other toilers in the state over the past 25 years.

The Left Front Government has also strengthened democracy in the state

by upholding the sanctity of different democratic institutions. West Bengal

is one of the few states where elections to panchayats and other civic

bodies have been held regularly every 5 years. West Bengal under the Left

Front was the first state to reduce the voting age in elections to civic

bodies from 21 years to 18 years. The thorough going land reforms carried

out in the aegis of the Left Front Government have led to economic

empowerment of the rural poor. This accompanied by devolution of

greater powers to panchayats and the powerful mass movement led by the

Left have provided the real basis for the deepening of democracy and

exercise of democratic rights in West Bengal.

This burgeoning of democracy at the grassroots has not come without a

price. Ruling class political parties like the Trinamul-BJP combine and the

Congress as well as landlords and other rural rich have waged a relentless

battle to roll back the gains made by the rural poor and done their level

best to subvert the democratic process. Thousands of cadres of the Left

Front parties have sacrificed their lives to foil these designs in the last

twenty five years. Over 300 cadres of the Left were killed in 3 districts of

the state between 1999 and 2001 while fighting the terror unleashed by

goons of the Trinamul Congress.

The Left Front Government has also consistently championed another

crucial aspect of Indian democracy. This concerns the devolution of

greater financial, legislative and administrative powers to the states. The

long stretch of Congress rule at the Centre saw the steady erosion of the

powers of the states. This situation has deteriorated further with the

coming into power at the Centre of a combination led by the BJP, a party

which upholds a unitary form of government. The Left Front Government

has repeatedly raised the issue of democratic restructuring of Centre-State

relations in the past 25 years. In doing so it has not restricted itself to

raising specific demands relating to the state alone but also tried to

mobilise other state governments and parties around demands relating to

strengthening of federal polity in general as well.

It is this record of the Left Front Government which has led to West Bengal

being justly called the advanced outpost and bastion of democracy in

India today.



In Defence of Communal Harmony and Rights of the Minorities

The extent to which communal harmony has been ensured in West Bengal

during the 25 year rule of the Left Front can be fully understood only in

the context of the escalation in communal tensions in India in the same

period.This period, especially from the mid 1980s, has seen the rapid rise

of communal forces, represented by the RSS-BJP and other outfits of the

Hindu Right. This process has been accompanied by growing communal

polarization and heightened attacks on the minorities in large parts of the

country leading to the loss of thousands of innocent lives. The recent State

sponsored carnage of minorities in Gujarat epitomises the grave dangers

inherent in the growth of communal forces. In contrast to this, West

Bengal has presented a picture of communal amity and peace throughout

this period. It is only the principled politics of the Left, backed by a strong

secular movement among the people which has kept West Bengal away

from the horrifying violence that has accompanied the growth of

communalism. Maintenance of communal harmony and defence of the

rights of the minorities would not have been possible without the Left

Front being in power in Bengal during this trying period.

It is not as if communal forces and elements are absent in West Bengal.

The opportunist role of the Congress vis-a-vis communal forces and the

alliance of the Trinamul Congress with the BJP have provided scope for

communal forces to extend their sphere of activities into West Bengal.

Attempts by such forces to create communal tensions and riots have not

been lacking and continue till date. In the aftermath of the assassination of

Smt. Indira Gandhi concerted attempts were made to unleash anti-Sikh

riots. The late 1980s and early 1990s which saw the extensive hate

campaign by the RSS-BJP and their associates, leading to widespread riots

were other such occasions. In all these cases the designs of the communal

forces were effectively thwarted by the firm intervention of the Left Front

Government accompanied large scale mobilisation of cadres of the Left

parties in defence of communal harmony and the minorities at the ground

level. The continuous ideological campaign among the people for defence

of secularism by both the state government and Left parties created the

atmosphere in which attempts to disrupt communal harmony could be

quickly and decisively defeated.

It is correctly said that protection of the interests of the minorities is the

litmus test of democracy which is de facto majority rule. The Left Front has

taken several steps to ensure that the minorities get their due share in

development. The advance of secular and democratic practice under Left

Front dispensation has provided equal opportunities for minorities,

especially Muslims who constitute 24% of the state’s population. These

opportunities have enabled them to launch struggles for better living


standards, educational and other facilities and a life of dignity in general.

Muslim peasants have received their due and proportionate share in the

over one million acres of land distributed, without any discrimination.

Similarly large number of Muslim peasants are among those one and a half

million sharecroppers who have been registered under Operation Barga,

thereby assuring them of their agricultural rights and freedom from

rapacious exploitation by the landlords.

The Left Front Government has set up a specific department of Minorities

Development and Welfare. Working under its aegis, the West Bengal

Development and Finance Corporation has started several projects for

giving loans on easy terms for self-employment to minorities. Rs. 1781

lakhs were disbursed under such schemes in 2001-2002. This allocation

for disbursement for the year 2002-2003 has been increased almost three

times to Rs.5083 lakhs. The Government has provided financial assistance

towards hostel accommodation for girls students from educationally

backward sections of the minorities, besides providing similar assistance to

technical/professional institutions run by organisations of educationally

backward minorities and pre-examination coaching to these sections. It

also sanctions stipends to minorities for training in different crafts and


The Left Front Government has made a conscious effort to promote the

rights of linguistic minorities in the state. Urdu speaking Muslims

constitute both a religious and linguistic minority. Keeping the cultural

identity and needs of this section in mind the Left Front Government

established the Urdu Academy at the same time as the establishment of

the Bangla Academy. The Urdu Academy brings out a large number of

publications besides providing text books at subsidised rates for students

from the secondary to post-graduate stage. Effective steps have also been

taken to promote the Nepali language. Another example of the

Government’s commitment to meet the cultural requirements of the

minorities is that of development and provision of the Alchiki script for the

Santhali language.

At a time when communal forces control the levers of state power and are

doing their best to promote communalism and impose their sectarian

vision of a unitary form of culture, the Left Front Government stands out a

a worthy example of defence of secularism, communal harmony, the rights

of religious minorities and the promotion of the cultural needs and

aspirations of different linguistic minorities.